M. S. Peck: Different Drum (excerpts)

“(…) the best measurement of one’s psychic and spiritual development is the amount of crisis they managed to have in their lives.”

Characteristics of the community

  • Inclusivity, commitment, and consensus
  • Realism
  • Contemplation
  • Safe space
  • Laboratory for personal disarmament
  • Graceful (peaceful) fights
  • Group of all leaders
  • Spirit

“Is there other way to the community than through the contemplation? My answer is: No. Is there any way to the community than through sharing of each other break downs? My answer is again: No.”

Stages of community creation (and closing)

  1. Pseudo-community
  2. Chaos
  3. Emptiness
  4. Community
  5. Death of the community



Blockages of community creation

  • Run away strategies
  • Fighting
  • Coupling
  • Dependence (on the leader)


Interfere as little as possible. Community needs to learn to perceive themselves as a whole, not individuals, and to share the responsibilities. 

When to interfere:

  • If the community complicates the manifestation of each  other’s break-downs. 
  • Intervention should be done on the behavior of the group, not the individual. 
  • The intervention should not tell to the group what they should do but make them aware of what they are doing. 
  • The leader should do only the interventions other cannot. 
  • Only in special cases, leader can intervene on the individual (if the one is making it impossible to create a community).

Facilitation tips

  • Community is manageable up to 65 people.  
  • In a big community, there is no need for everyone to talk. Full presence is enough.